Next to education, healthcare is the largest employer in India.

Healthcare or medical industry provides goods and services to treat patients. It consists of three major segments:healthcare.1

  • Healthcare Delivery – Healthcare providers like Hospitals, Clinics, Doctors, etc.
  • Medical Devices – Manufacturers and service providers for equipment used in patient care
  • Medical Insurance – Specialized and general insurance providers, fastest growing sector in India

Healthcare sector revenues in India was around Rs. 3,00,000 crores and employs close to 90 lakh people. While government hospitals and primary healthcare centers have the largest presence, private providers like Narayana Health, Apollo, Fortis, Manipal Group, Care, etc. are too expanding their presence.

Most jobs in healthcare need specialized training as it deals with patient’s health and life. The careers can be demanding, but lucrative with excellent growth prospects.

UntitlednGeneral Duty Assistant – Healthcare (GDA) are also known as “Nursing Care Assistants”, “Nursing Assistant”, “Nursing Aides”, “Bedside Assistants” or “Orderlies” when working in a hospital environment.

The General Duty Assistant provides patient care and helps maintain a suitable environment for the patient in the hospital. Some of the key responsibilities of the General Duty Assistant are to provide patient’s daily care,  comfort, safety and health needs.

This job involves working in collaboration with Doctors, Nurses and other healthcare providers and delivering the healthcare services as suggested by them. The General Duty Assistant should be result oriented, able to demonstrate basic patient care skills, communication skills and ethical behaviour. He/She should be willing to work in wards or clinics in shifts.

A General Duty Assistant has many career options and can grow to take on larger responsibilities similar to an entry level nurse, specialize in critical care or other departments, work independently as a home nurse or even study further to become a qualified nurse.
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In a vast and developing economy like India, there is critical shortage of highly educated health professionals. There are wide spread rural areas, where people continue to face poor access to basic healthcare essentials.

Current medical and nursing schools cannot train enough workers to keep up with increasing demand for healthcare services, nor can the need to provide healthcare facilities in far flunked areas be ignored.

A lot can be done to bridge the knowledge gap of the existing community workers; and to simultaneously create a new lot of community workers.

There are other few simple tasks/ jobs that can be assigned to trained community workers/allied staff in rural/ semi urban areas. One such area is Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

This section on OBG & Neonatal care focuses on such areas of Mother & Child Care.
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PCA As health care continues to change, the demand for qualified assistants to the under-staffed and over-worked nurses has also increased. Consequently, the demands and the responsibilities become greater for the nursing assistant assigned to each nurse. To bridge the gap in formal training and health care services, it’s proposed to conduct vocational education and training programs in schools to prepare Patient Care Assistants/General Duty Assistants.
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nursing assistant2This section applies to Nurses and Nursing Assistants. A Nursing Assistant (also called a Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA), Personal Care Assistant, Nursing Aide, etc.) is a healthcare worker who delivers care to the patient under the supervision of a qualified healthcare practitioner or nurse. A nursing Assistant works as part of the patient care team and is equipped with knowledge and skill level to administer basic medical and nursing care to the patient.

The skills needed for a nurse and a nursing assistant include functional communication (in English) with patients and co-workers; people and professional skills to deal with patients, relatives and co-workers; basic IT skills; ability to do simple calculations; safety and regulatory awareness as well as basic medical procedures like vital signs (temperature, pressure, pulse), infection control, administering medicines, patient movement and toileting, etc.

A nurse progresses through various departments and can grow to become a Nursing Superintendent. A nursing assistant has many career options and can grow to take on larger responsibilities similar to a entry level nurse, specialize in critical care or other departments, work independently as a home nurse or even study further to become a qualified nurse.

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Home_Health_AidHome Health Aides provide routine individualized healthcare to the elderly, or persons with disabilities at the patient’s home. Personal care includes activities like bathing, dressing & grooming the patient.
Home Health Aides work in collaboration with care-givers; and other healthcare providers. Apart from being skilled in their niche area of work, they are expected to have good communication skills, empathetic & ethical behaviour. The individual should be calm & patient while dealing with elderly persons.

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Phlebotomists/ Phlebotomy Assistants play an important role in the healthcare sector. Phlebotomists work in hospitals, clinics, blood banks, clinical laboratories and diagnostic centres.
It is commonly accepted that over 70% of all medical decisions are based on laboratory results. Thus, phlebotomists, who are responsible for drawing blood to conduct various tests; need to possess quite a few skills apart from domain knowledge. Phlebotomists must have an eye for detail, should be empathetic, and should be able to follow the procedure.
Given the vast population of India, there is always a significant gap between the demand and supply of skilled paramedical healthcare workers. However, there are many students interested and willing to be part of the paramedical force; but lack resources and teaching. With intensive classroom and on the job training, this gap can be bridged; and we can have “job –ready” phlebotomists to be deployed at various healthcare centres and laboratories.
This program aims to impart intensive training on fundamental principles of phlebotomy, protocols regarding safety of patients and medical staff, strengthen laboratory services by improving the quality of patient specimens and reducing incidence of pre-analytical errors.

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